新版学科目录“设计”类学科迎来重大结构性调整的几点解读
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南京艺术学院 艺术研究院,南京 210036

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夏燕靖(1960—),男,博士,教授,主要研究方向为设计艺术史与设计教育、艺术史与艺术史学、艺术教育。

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Several Interpretations on Major Structural Adjustment of the "Design" Disciplines in the New-Edition Discipline Catalogue
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Art Research Institute, Nanjing University of the Arts, Nanjing 210036, China

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    摘要:

    持续近两年时间的新一轮学科专业目录修订工作即将迎来正式公布,新版学科专业目录将在尊重人才培养规律和学科发展趋势的基础上,遵照稳中求进的总基调,在对“设计学”学术型专业归类调整的同时,稳步推进博士、硕士研究生专业学位类别的增设,以提高学科门类的实践性与综合性的融合度。据此,针对新版学科专业目录“设计”类学科进行解读,从其学科重大结构性调整来看,实现了具有关联性学科的重新归类,以及新兴应用型门类专业点的增设,既配合了“设计”类学科重视基础、拓展前沿的发展趋势,以及创意与技能并举的人才培养新需求,又考虑到我国教育统计的历史分类与未来社会发展领域的需要。相比较来说,“设计”类学科是此次新版学科专业目录中“艺术”类学科调整获益最大的学科。简言之,可以归纳为一个归类、两个增设的调整,即有关原“设计学”一级学科(1305)在新版学科专业目录中分别被调整归类到“艺术学”(1301)之中,延续原学科的历史、理论研究方向;并增设两个“设计”类学科点,一个是专业学位点(1357设计),含新增专业博士和硕士学位点;另一个是交叉学科的“设计学”学科点(1403),可授予工学、艺术学位。实事求是说,此次新学科目录的颁布将完善放管结合的学科专业目录运行机制,进一步增强高校学科专业设置自主权,推动学科专业目录向指导性、统计性和应用性转变。

    Abstract:

    The new round of revision of the discipline and specialty catalogues, which lasted for nearly two years, is about to be officially announced. Based on the law of talent training and the development trend of disciplines, the new one will follow the general principle of seeking progress while maintaining performance stability, that is, while classifying and adjusting the Design specialties, the addition of professional degree categories for doctoral and postgraduate students has been steadily promoted to improve the integration of practicality and comprehensiveness of disciplines. Accordingly, this paper interprets the "Design" disciplines in the new edition of the discipline and specialty catalogues. From the perspective of the major structural adjustment of the disciplines, the reclassification of related disciplines and the addition of new application-oriented specialties have been realized, which reflects the development trend of "Design" disciplines focusing on the basics and the frontier, as well as the new demand for talent training that combines creativity and skills, and also the needs of historical classification on China education statistics and future social development. Comparatively speaking, "Design" disciplines are the disciplines that benefit the most from the adjustment of "Art" disciplines in the new edition. In short, it can be summed up as one classification and two additional adjustments, that is, the original first-level "Design" disciplines (1305), with the continued historical and theoretical research directions, are classified into "Arts" (1301), and two "Design" disciplines, a professional degree (1357 Design), including new professional doctoral and master's degrees, and a "Design" interdiscipline (1403), including engineering and art degrees. Practically, the promulgation of the new discipline and specialty catalogues will improve their operation mechanism that combines delegated power with strengthened regulation, further enhance the autonomy of colleges and universities to set up disciplines and specialties, and promote the transformation of the disciplines and specialty catalogues to be instructive, statistical and application-oriented.

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夏燕靖.新版学科目录“设计”类学科迎来重大结构性调整的几点解读[J].工业 工程 设计,2022,4(4):1-8. 复制

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  • 收稿日期:2022-07-15
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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-08-29
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