南京艺术学院 艺术研究院，南京 210036
Art Research Institute, Nanjing University of the Arts, Nanjing 210036, China
The new round of revision of the discipline and specialty catalogues, which lasted for nearly two years, is about to be officially announced. Based on the law of talent training and the development trend of disciplines, the new one will follow the general principle of seeking progress while maintaining performance stability, that is, while classifying and adjusting the Design specialties, the addition of professional degree categories for doctoral and postgraduate students has been steadily promoted to improve the integration of practicality and comprehensiveness of disciplines. Accordingly, this paper interprets the "Design" disciplines in the new edition of the discipline and specialty catalogues. From the perspective of the major structural adjustment of the disciplines, the reclassification of related disciplines and the addition of new application-oriented specialties have been realized, which reflects the development trend of "Design" disciplines focusing on the basics and the frontier, as well as the new demand for talent training that combines creativity and skills, and also the needs of historical classification on China education statistics and future social development. Comparatively speaking, "Design" disciplines are the disciplines that benefit the most from the adjustment of "Art" disciplines in the new edition. In short, it can be summed up as one classification and two additional adjustments, that is, the original first-level "Design" disciplines (1305), with the continued historical and theoretical research directions, are classified into "Arts" (1301), and two "Design" disciplines, a professional degree (1357 Design), including new professional doctoral and master's degrees, and a "Design" interdiscipline (1403), including engineering and art degrees. Practically, the promulgation of the new discipline and specialty catalogues will improve their operation mechanism that combines delegated power with strengthened regulation, further enhance the autonomy of colleges and universities to set up disciplines and specialties, and promote the transformation of the disciplines and specialty catalogues to be instructive, statistical and application-oriented.
夏燕靖.新版学科目录“设计”类学科迎来重大结构性调整的几点解读[J].工业 工程 设计,2022,4(4):1-8. 复制